Difference Between SARS And COVID-19

Difference Between SARS And COVID-19

SARS-CoV-2 or the COVID-19 virus, is lately dominating all the news channels throughout the entire world. Well, you might have questions in your mind as there are chances of yours being familiar to the term coronavirus during the 2003 outbreak of SARS.

Both these viruses belong to the same family of coronaviridae of positive-sense, enveloped, single-stranded RNA viruses. The virus that is responsible for SARS or severe acute respiratory syndrome is called SARS-CoV, while the virus that causes COVID-19 is termed as SARS-C0V-2. Other than these two, there is also some other type of human coronaviruses. Despite having similar RNA structure, and the same name, there are some noticeable differences between these two. Before jumping into the differences, let's get some insights about the coronavirus family.

What Is Coronavirus?

Coronaviridae or coronavirus is a very diverse family of viruses. Their host range is very diverse in nature including humans and many other animals. However, many people say that bats are the primary source of these diseases. In most cases, when this virus attacks humans, it causes some mild respiratory illness such as flu or a common cold. Whenever an animal coronavirus develops the ability to transmit, a new form of coronavirus can evolve. The process of an animal to human transmission is called zoonotic transmission. The viruses of these family that can directly jump to a human host might cause serious illness mainly due to lack of immunity. Some very common examples of such coronaviruses are:

  • SARS-CoV-2, the virus responsible for COVID-19
  • MERS-CoV, the virus responsible for middle east respiratory syndrome or MERS. This was first identified in 2012.
  • SARS-CoV, the virus that caused the severe acute respiratory syndrome.

How Does The SARS differ from the COVID-19?

Overall, the symptoms of SARS and COVID-19 are quite similar, but there are some subtle differences in their symptoms. When a person gets affected by the new COVID-19 virus symptoms such as fever, fatigue, cough and shortness of breath can be noticed. While in case of SARS attack, the virus can cause all these illnesses along with malaise, body aches, headache, chills and diarrhea. Another significant difference between these two diseases is the fact that there aren’t any trusted source or any reported cases of SARS virus transmission before the development of any symptoms. Since 2004, there aren’t any documented or reported cases of SARS attack, as there were some strict norms of public health measures. But in the case of COVID-19, containing the virus seems to be much more challenging as this virus has the ability to spread quickly, causing some mild symptoms.

While each and every country is facing the pandemic with courage, doctors, nurses and the medical team still remains to be in the first line of defence. Current reports state that there is a massive shortage of trained nurses and medical staff in the US. In order to fulfil the deficit, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and some other American government organizations came up with some brilliant ideas and plans. Their plan includes several instructions for the nursing schools and Institutes of Higher Education of America to fight against this dreaded disease. Erudite online nursing schools, being an elite institution, has come up with many online accelerated nursing programs to help the existing nurses in their fight against the COVID-19 disease.


 

SOURCES

https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/index.html

https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/community/guidance-ihe-response.html

https://www.osha.gov/SLTC/covid-19/controlprevention.html#health

https://www.fda.gov/home

Note: The foregoing article and information contained therein may be copyrighted and may not be reproduced in part or entirety without advance written permission. For permissions or editorial corrections, contact: Ms. Kelsey Hanna, khanna@EruditeNursing.education. All information is provided for informational purposes and deemed to be correct at the time of publication, but may change with or without notice; no guarantees are made as to accuracy and all liability is hereby released as to the same.

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